// Lecture: Claudiu Turcuș, “Reprezentări ale anticomunismului în cinema-ul anilor ‘90”, Institutul Cultural Român Stockholm (Suedia), 6 noiembrie, 2019
Deși foarte influentă și activă în regândirea instituțiilor culturale și economice după căderea regimului comunist, tema anticomunismului a fost evitată în dezbaterea publică pentru mult timp. Explorând aproximativ 15 filme românești inovatoare din anii ’90, precum și exemple clasice din noul val al cinematografiei românești ca un caz tipic al unei abordări orientate către cinematografele mici, conferința lui Claudiu Turcuș încearcă să surmonteze acest neajuns prin evaluarea și investigarea relevanței reprezentărilor asupra comunismului în formarea memoriei colective a trecutului.
Mai multe detalii…
// Lecture: Cosmin Borza, “Anti-communism as Anti-nationalism. The Privatization of Cultural Institutions in post-1989 Romania”, presented during Colocviile Revistei „Transilvania”, 15th edition, Sibiu, 27-28 iunie 2019: The Romanian Literature 30 Years After Communism.
This paper seeks to problematize one of the most paradoxical and controversial phenomena of the post-communist era – the issue of nationalism –, focusing on a rather overshadowed aspect: the denationalization of cultural institutions. Much to the surprise of Western intelligentsia who used to consider as incompatible/antagonistic the communist and the nationalist ideologies, many of the researchers from East-Central Europe emphasized that post-1989 nationalism was the “perilous legacy” of the former totalitarian regime. As Michael D. Kennedy demonstrates in Cultural Formations of Postcommunism. Emancipation, Transition, Nation, and War (2002), even the wars of Yugoslav Succession were regarded as “the unspoken, but deadly alternative to markets and pluralism”. That is why the anti-communist, Westernizing intellectual elite obsessively equated the estrangement from the centralized national state with democracy and European (re)integration. “Privatization” began to be the new watchword of post-communist East-Central Europe, having a greater impact in Romania, a country that experienced a violently overthrow of the communist regime. Apart from fighting for economic resources, privatization also meant a privileged path for gaining the predominance/control of the public/ideological discourse: in the 1990s, the cultural institutions became a major target for the implementation and dissemination of the anti-communist and anti-nationalist ideology.
// Research meetings and working seminar: Claudiu Turcuș, “Romanian Cultural Anticommunism”, Pompeu Fabra University, Barcelona (Spain), 22-25 June 2019
The programme aims the dissemination of the current work of Claudiu Turcuș on “Romanian Cultural Anticommunism” through two research meetings and one working seminar. At the same time, the meetings in Pompeu Fabra University explored possible academic frames for further joint research projects.
// Lecture: Cosmin Borza, “The Anti-communist Readings of the National Poet. An East-Central Europe Case Study” , Linnaeus University, Växjö (Sweden), March 13, 2019
This presentation seeks to problematize one of the most paradoxical and controversial phenomena of the post-communist era – the issue of nationalism. Contrary to Western intelligentsiaʼs common view of communism and nationalism as opposite ideologies, for several researchers from East-Central Europe “communism came to be seen not so much as a break with a previous ʻbourgeoisʼ national past but rather as its apotheosis” (Charles King, Post-Postcommunism: Transition, Comparison, and the End of “Eastern Europe”, 2000).
It hardly comes as a surprise that the post-1989 nationalism was labelled as the most “perilous legacy” of the former totalitarian regime. As pointed out by Michael D. Kennedy (Cultural Formations of Postcommunism. Emancipation, Transition, Nation, and War, 2002), even the Yugoslav Succession wars were cynically regarded as “the unspoken, but deadly alternative to markets and pluralism”. Therefore, the anti-communist, Westernizing intellectual elite obsessively equated the estrangement from the centralized national state with democracy and European (re)integration.
“Denationalization”/“decommunization”, “privatization”, and “antinostalgia” began to be the new watchwords of post-communist East-Central Europe, powering one of the most prominent cultural debates of post-communism, namely the reorganization of the literary canon, whose main focus was the critical reassessment of the national poet. In order to explain why de-mythicizing the institution of the “national poet” illustrates closely and deeply the ideological, cultural and identity-related changes in postcommunist East-Central Europe, this presentation analyzes a series of critical and imagistic reconsiderations brought about by the fact that anti-communist, pro-Western intellectual elites regarded the cult of the national poet as a symptom of cultural and ideological backwardness, typical for the ‘uncivilized’ East, scarred as it was by the trauma of national communism.
// Exploratory workshop, February 22-23, 2019
Babes-Bolyai University, Faculty of Theatre and Film / European Studies
Mapping Romanian Anticommunism: political discourse, collective memory and cultural production